Periodontal diseases are diseases that cover the problems that occur in the tissues surrounding the teeth.
What Is Gum Disease?
In general, gum disease is an in-mouth infectious disease caused by bacteria. It is one of the main causes of tooth loss in adults. It usually develops in patients in the form of small-sized inflammations. It may not affect a person’s quality of life depending on where they are located in the mouth, but in the case of major infection conditions, it can cause many disorders in the patient such as chewing, speech and eating difficulty.
What Are The Symptoms Of Gum Disease?
It is possible for the patient himself to understand that there is a gum disorder with many symptoms. These symptoms; bleeding gums while brushing your teeth, red or swollen gums, gum sensitivity, bad breath, receding gums, easily separable from teeth gums, a gleet between the teeth and gums, teeth that swing and move away from each other and change of jaw relations during biting can be sorted.
What Are The Causes Of Gum Disease?
Bacteria layer accumulation is observed on all the surfaces of each person’s teeth, between the teeth, in the areas where the tooth merges with the gum. As a result of not cleaning this layer of bacteria beautifully with a toothbrush or dental floss, diseases occur in the teeth and gums that become conducive to the survival of harmful microorganisms.
Dental diseases have many different causes besides the accumulation of microorganisms. Genetic susceptibility, smoking, stress, malnutrition and obesity, vitamin deficiencies, hard brushing of teeth, periods when the body shows hormonal changes, faulty or poor quality dental prostheses, some immune system diseases (such as leukemia, scurvy, diabetes) and drug utilization can cause gum disorders.
What Are The Stages Of Gum Disease?
- Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage. It is formed as a result of buildup of plaque at the line between the tooth and the gum. It can develop if teeth are not flossing regularly and teeth are not brushed.
- Periodontitis: At this stage of the disease, the connective tissues that hold your teeth are irreversibly damaged. A bulge that encloses the plaque may begin to form at the bottom of the gingival line. In this case, it is necessary to apply dental treatment and careful oral and dental care should be performed at home.
- Advanced Periodontitis: This is the final stage of gum disease. It is the stage of shaking the teeth as a result of severe damage to the supporting tissue of the tooth. In this case, it may be unable to perform many oral functions, and even if your teeth cannot be saved as a result of treatment, your teeth may need to be pulled out.
How Are Gum Diseases Treated?
At the initial levels of gum disease, improvement in the gums can be seen without the need for surgical interventions. In the early stages, the patient is informed by the doctor about paying attention to oral hygiene such as proper brushing and flossing, and the disease can be easily prevented. Giving importance to oral care and doing it regularly every day helps prevent from plaque accumulating.
Calculus, tartars and plaques formed on the teeth can only be cleaned with the interference of a dentist. It is very important to remove the precipitations that form in your teeth with regular dental appointments to prevent gum disorders. In cases where the situation is more serious, root planning can be applied. This process helps to smooth out the irregularities that exist in the roots of the tooth and avoid any bacterial accumulation here.