Child dentistry, also known as pediatric dentistry, is the branch of dentistry that looks after a child’s teeth, gums, and oral health during their childhood.
What is Children Dentistry?
Pedodontics is the medical term for pediatric dentistry. This section is dedicated to children aged 0 to 13. It protects children’s primary and permanent teeth in a proper and healthy manner. Caries, traumas, and genetic factors may all cause problems in these teeth, and pedodontics seeks to remove them.
Why Is Pediatric Dentistry Important?
Dentistry fears in people usually begin to occur after the bad experiences gained in childhood. For this reason, the treatment of children by physicians who have specialized training in this field enables good communication with children in the short term, and then dental treatments and some preventive procedures can be easily performed by the doctor.
Among the main duties of a pedodontics specialist is to observe the mental and physical development of the child in the developmental age and to act and to positively affect the child’s view of the dentist. For this reason, pediatric dentists are very important to prevent dentist phobia that may occur at a very young age.
What Does a Child Dentist Do?
- It detects active rotten in the child and takes preventive measures for them.
- Gives the necessary training to child in brushing teeth
- When necessary, doctor informs the mother and father of the child and provides awareness of the child and the family about oral care.
- It makes a placeholder to the empty tooth socket in order to prevent the places of the teeth falling out earlier than the normal falling time.
- Treats decays in children’s primary teeth or permanent teeth
- In order to prevent dental problems that may arise from eating habits, the doctor organizes the nutritional habits of the child and informs the child on this issue.
- Follows the growth of the child’s teeth, mouth, chin and face.
Why Does Decays Occur in Children?
Decays often occur in children. When the causes of these decays are examined, wrong behaviours such as wrong eating habits and not paying attention to oral hygiene are the leading causes. In addition, in the emergence of decays at an early age; It is possible to talk about factors such as giving the child night milk to the baby and applying sweets such as honey and jam to the baby so that he does not cry.
What Should Be Done to Prevent Tooth Decay in Children?
First of all, children should be taught proper tooth brushing and then they should be helped while brushing their teeth. It should be ensured that children brush their teeth at least twice a day (after breakfast and before going to sleep). In order to prevent feding bottle tooth decay in children, attention should be paid to the use of baby feding bottles. Another way to prevent cavities is to ensure regular fluoride intake of children, but it should be kept in mind that excess fluoride is also harmful. Children should be careful about the junk foods they eat and they should be prevented from consuming foods containing lots of sugar.
What Are The Applications That A Pediatric Dentist Applies To Children?
First of all, if we want the children to have a good oral and dental health, it is necessary to take the children to the dentist’s control at 6-month intervals twice a year. In these controls, factors that adversely affect oral health can be determined. Early diagnosis of problems in children is very important for the emotional and physical development of the child.
Before starting the examination, the child’s parents should have good communication with the child. Then the child patient’s complaints are listened. Clinical and, if necessary, radiographic examination is performed to obtain results. After the results are obtained, necessary information is provided and treatment is started.
- In healthy people,
- People with teeth sensitive to rotten,
- Sensitivity and erosion treatments of teeth,
- It can be applied in people with systematic diseases.
One of the most effective treatment methods of preventive dentistry is fluoride treatment. Their intervals and rates are determined according to the age of the patient and the risk of caries.
Considering the anatomical structures of human teeth, the indentations and protrusions on the chewing surfaces of the molars are very convenient for the adherence of food. Fissure coverings are used because dental decays start from areas that are difficult to clean. Fissure coverings provide a shallower on chewing surfaces, thus preventing food from holding and making tooth brushing easier. Thanks to this application, a great reduction in dental decays is observed in children.